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"Surviving the Heat: Tips for Navigating the Heat Wave in India"

Amid rising the temperature let's see tips & tracks to survive heat waves in India.

Heat wave in India 2024

Heat cramps are painful muscle spasms that typically occur during or after intense physical activity in hot weather. They're caused by dehydration and an electrolyte imbalance, often due to excessive sweating.

What is heat cramps, its symptoms and the first aid

Heat cramp symptoms include intense muscle pain or spasms, commonly in the abdomen, arms, or legs, often accompanied by profuse sweating and fatigue. The affected muscles may feel firm or tender to the touch.

First Aid:

  • Drink ORS (oral rehydration solution) or any other electrolyte replacement fluid.

  • Shift to a more cool environment.

  • If the cramps/spasms do not ease up within 1 hour, ask for immediate medical assistance.

Heat rash, also known as prickly heat or miliaria, occurs when sweat ducts become blocked, trapping sweat beneath the skin.

What is heat rash, its symptoms and the first aid

Heat rash presents as small red bumps or blisters on the skin, often accompanied by itching, prickling, or tingling sensations. These symptoms commonly occur in areas where sweat accumulates, such as the neck, groin, and underarms.

First Aid:

  • Apply powder to affected area to provide comfort.

  • Keep the rash(affected) area dry.

  • Shift to a cooler and less humid environment.

Heat exhaustion is a heat-related illness characterized by dehydration and the body's inability to cool itself adequately. If left untreated, heat exhaustion can progress to heatstroke, a life-threatening condition.

What is heat exhaustion, its symptoms and the first aid

Heat exhaustion manifests as heavy sweating, weakness, dizziness, nausea, headache, rapid heartbeat, and cool, clammy skin. Individuals may also experience muscle cramps, fainting, and extreme fatigue. Prompt action is crucial to prevent progression to heatstroke.

First Aid:

  • Take frequent sips of cool water or ORS (if available).

  • Shift to a more cool & shaded area.

  • Sponging with cool water and remove unnecessary clothing like shoes and socks.

  • If condition fails to improve call 112 to get medical assistance.

Heat stroke is a severe heat-related illness marked by a dangerously high body temperature (above 104°F or 40°C) and dysfunction of the body's cooling system. Heat stroke is a medical emergency requiring immediate cooling and medical attention to prevent organ damage or death.

What is heat stroke, its symptoms and the first aid

Heat stroke presents with a throbbing headache, rapid heartbeat, absence of sweating, confusion, dizziness, nausea, and potential loss of consciousness. Skin feels hot and dry to the touch. This severe condition demands urgent medical intervention, as it can lead to organ failure and death if left untreated.

First Aid:

  • Call 112 to get emergency medical care ASAP (as soon as possible).

  • Until medical assistance arrives shift the person to a shaded & cool area and remove outer clothing.

  • Cool the person with ice bath (if possible) or sponging with cold water.

  • Place cold wet clothes on head, neck, armpits and groin.

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