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Vaccines for Your Children: What Every Parent Should Know About

Attention!! Parents and Pregnant women, are you fully vaccinated against numerous diseases.

Is vaccine safe? There is a common question that everyone asks: What exactly is a vaccine?

Vaccines are a simple, safe and effective way of protecting people from potentially harmful diseases before they become infected. Vaccines protect you and your child from

many serious and potentially deadly diseases. Gives protection against numerous infections which is due to the presence of some protective substances in the blood (known as antibodies), which kills the disease-causing organisms or neutralizes their effect when they enter the body. A vaccine is made from a small amount of bacteria, virus or toxin that's been weakened or destroyed in a laboratory first. There is no risk of infecting healthy people with these diseases.

Benefits of vaccines:

Millions of lives have been saved by vaccines and its preventing countless diseases and disabilities. Vaccines helps the immune system to fight infections faster and more effectively and reducing the risk of diseases spreading from one person to another person. Immunization reduces the social and psychological burden of illness on people and eases hospital and healthcare system burdens by keeping more people healthy.

How vaccines are important for your child?

Vaccines protect your child against serious illnesses like measles, which can cause brain

swelling and blindness; polio, which can cause paralysis and tetanus, which can cause painful muscle contractions and difficulty eating and breathing, especially in newborns. It also keep other children safe by eliminating or greatly decreasing dangerous diseases that used to spread from child to child.

It is important for parents to have their children vaccinated according to the schedule.

Vaccination delays place children at risk of serious diseases that vaccines could prevent.

If children miss a vaccine dose, parents should talk to their doctor about catching up on the schedule. Missing a dose does not mean the child has to restart the injection series from scratch.

Facts about vaccines for your child:

  • Vaccines protects your child from many serious and potential deadly disease.

  • Protects other people and prevent from spreading

  • Sometimes causes mild side effects but will not lost long- some children may feel unwell and have fever and sore arm for 2-3 days.

  • Vaccines does not cause autism

  • Its doesn't cause allergies or other conditions - Vaccinating is safer than not vaccinating.

Important vaccines for your child:

Hepatitis B is the first vaccine most babies receive. Vaccination against childhood tuberculosis, (BCG), polio (OPV) and maternally transmitted Hepatitis B (Hep B vaccine) are given to a child immediately after birth.

Important vaccines are:

  • Hepatitis B vaccine

  • Rotavirus vaccine

  • Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) vaccine

  • Poliovirus vaccine

  • Diphtheria, tetanus, and acellular pertussis (DTaP) vaccine

  • Pneumococcal vaccine

  • Meningococcal vaccine

  • Influenza (flu) vaccine

  • Measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine

  • Varicella (chickenpox) vaccine

  • Hepatitis A vaccine

  • Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine

Many parents worry that their children's immune systems cannot handle so many antigens at once. Vaccines contain antigens, which are substances derived from viruses or bacteria that induce the immune system to produce antibodies to fight disease. Some parents who are worried request a different vaccine schedule or ask to delay or exclude certain vaccines.

However, the recommended schedule is designed to give the vaccines at the ages when

children need protection from diseases. Therefore, not following the schedule increases the risk of infection for children.

Vaccines during pregnancy:

Vaccination during pregnancy offers a simple and effective method of protecting the mother and unborn child from certain infections. Immunological changes occur during pregnancy, which may increase a woman's susceptibility to certain infectious diseases.

The vaccines for pregnancy women with time to given:

  • Tetanus Toxoid (TT) / Tetanus & adult Diphtheria (Td)-1 -Early in pregnancy

  • TT/Td-2 - 4 weeks after TT-1

  • TT/Td- Booster - If received 2TT doses in pregnancy within the last 3 years.

Tips on immunizations

  • If your child misses a shot for their age, talk to your child's doctor as soon as possible to get the missed shot and when should it be given.

  • If your child has any medical condition (example: sickle cell, HIV infection, cochlear implants) talk to your doctor about additional vaccines that they may need.

  • There are some common side effects of immunizations, including swelling at the site of the injection, soreness, and fever, talk to your doctor about these side effects.

  • Make sure you bring your child's immunization records to all of their doctor's appointments and have them signed by the doctor.

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